Modeling memory bandwidth patterns on NUMA machines with performance counters

Modeling memory bandwidth patterns on NUMA machines with performance counters

Daniel Goodman, Roni Haecki

07 June 2021

Modern computers used for data analytics are often NUMA systems with multiple sockets per machine, multiple cores per socket, and multiple thread contexts per core. To get the peak performance out of these machines requires the correct number of threads to be placed in the correct positions on the machine. One particularly interesting element of the placement of memory and threads is the way it effects the movement of data around the machine, and the increased latency this can introduce to reads and writes. In this paper we describe work on modeling the bandwidth requirements of an application on a NUMA compute node based on the placement of threads. The model is constructed by sampling performance counters while the application runs with 2 carefully chosen thread placements. The results of this modeling can be used in a number of ways varying from: Performance debugging during development where the programmer can be alerted to potentially problematic memory access patterns; To systems such as Pandia which take an application and predict the performance and system load of a proposed thread count and placement; To libraries of data structures such as Parallel Collections and Smart Arrays that can abstract from the user memory placement and thread placement issues when parallelizing code.


Venue : ArXiv,