Neural Rule-Execution Tracking Machine For Transformer-Based Text Generation

Neural Rule-Execution Tracking Machine For Transformer-Based Text Generation

Mark Johnson, Yufei Wang, Mark Dras, Stephen Wan, Can Xu, Huang Hu, Chongyang Tao, Daxin Jiang

05 December 2021

Sequence-to-Sequence (Seq2Seq) neural text generation models, especially the pre-trained ones (e.g., BART and T5), have exhibited compelling performance on various natural language generation tasks. However, the black-box nature of these models limits their application in tasks where specific rules (e.g., controllable constraints, prior knowledge) need to be executed. Previous works either design specific model structures (e.g., Copy Mechanism corresponding to the rule “the generated output should include certain words in the source input”) or implement specialized inference algorithms (e.g., Constrained Beam Search) to execute particular rules through the text generation. These methods require the careful design case-by-case and are difficult to support multiple rules concurrently. In this paper, we propose a novel module named Neural Rule-Execution Tracking Machine, i.e., NRETM, that can be equipped into various transformer-based generators to leverage multiple rules simultaneously to guide the neural generation model for superior generation performance in a unified and scalable way. Extensive experiments on several benchmarks verify the effectiveness of our proposed model in both controllable and general text generation tasks.


Venue : NeurIPS 2021 https://nips.cc/